Cervical cancer is a cancer that’s found anywhere in the cervix. The cervix is the opening between the vagina and the womb (uterus).
Cervical cancer happens when abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix grow in an uncontrolled way.
The most common type of cervical cancer is squamous cell cervical cancer that starts in the skin-like cells of the ectocervix. The glandular cells of the endocervix can also become cancerous, leading to an adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
Cervical cancer is most common in women in their early 30’s. Some transgender men who haven’t had an operation to remove their womb and cervix can also be at risk.
Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by an infection from certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).
It can often be prevented by attending cervical screening, which can find and treat changes to cells before they turn into cancer.
Signs and symptoms:
If you have another condition like fibroids or endometriosis, you may get symptoms like these regularly.
For more information from the NHS on the Symptoms of cervical cancer click the link below.
For more information on cervical cancer from the NHS click the link below.